Headstones with crosses on them

Cross Headstone Designs - Headstones USA Affordable

Below we have displayed our own contemporary and traditional gravestone crosses. Any of these crosses can be adapted to our memorials. Our headstone crosses can also complement memorial plaques and grave ornaments and can be etched in any size you require. More gravestone crosses can be viewed upon request This headstone was designed in close collaboration with the client, who gave me some letters and asked for them to be incorporated into a motif carved in sunken relief. Children's headstones are always a special challenge Single Grave Designer Series Upright - DSM 013. $0.00. Single Grave Designer Series Upright - DSM 012. $0.00. Single Grave Designer Series Upright - DSM 011. $0.00. Single Grave Designer Series Upright - DSM 010. $0.00. Custom Upright - QCU 032

The difference between bronze headstones and white bronze headstones is their composition. While bronze headstones are composed of copper and tin with small amounts of lead and zinc, white bronze headstones are pure zinc. They were given the name White Bronze to make them more appealing to customers Cemetery marker affordable solid granite. 100% monument grade granite custom engraved with design choices and your information. 14 x 10 x 2 Polished top and sawn edges. 4.6 out of 5 stars. 9. $199.00. $199. . 00. FREE Shipping. Usually ships within 1 to 3 weeks Affordable upright headstones and in-ground grave markers usually have an option that lets you choose personal designs you can add to them. However, you can get cemetery headstones that have unique shapes or themed designs already. Some of your options here might include upright markers in shapes such as crosses, hearts, or angels Find custom headstones at affordable prices. We have been crafting grave markers since 1920 with only the finest materials, which are backed by our 100% lifetime guarantee. Visit Legacy Headstones today to view our grave headstones for loved ones and pets Cross. The most common and powerful symbol of Christianity, crosses are often carved into headstones, or make up the entire grave marker. There are different versions of the Christian cross represented on cemetery headstones: Latin Cross - One of the oldest and simplest symbols of Christianity and the most commonly-used. It has also been called.

150 Cross Headstone Designs ideas celtic style, granite

No End to Headstone Crosses It's true that various groups have in the past sued to prevent state or federal governments from erecting religious monuments on public property Porcelains. Starts at $100. Ceramic porcelains are available for memorial markers in all shapes & various sizes. 4 Different Shapes. We are honored that we have been chosen to handle the memorial headstone for your loved one. We assure you to present our highest standard of respect and care throughout the process If you come across a numbered cube in a historic graveyard, there's a good chance that it is one of these original Civil War type markers for an unknown soldier. These headstones are marble cut 6 inches on all sides and then 30 inches long. The top of this and the first 4 inches of each side are polished Human Headstone Temporary Grave Marker Granite w/ Heart Cross Memorial Stone Large Size 6x12 or 12x11 Outdoor/Indoor Free Shipping. CustomSignworks. From shop CustomSignworks. 5 out of 5 stars (2,966) 2,966 reviews $ 57.95 FREE shipping Add to Favorites Funeral favor - bird seed funeral- bird seed favor- Funeral favor - memorial - wake.

Pictures of Headstones with Cross Designs for Sale, Price

  1. Memorial Headstone Design 2102. $135.00. Memorial Design 2145. $80.00. Headstone Seasons Cherished Design 3128. $140.00. FREE SHIPPING TO YOUR CEMETERY. Please contact us before ordering if you need assistance. Free shipping to following United States
  2. Pictures for Headstones. Our ceramic picture plaques are the same as those sold by monument makers and cemeteries, but we offer them at a much lower price. When you order from us you get: . - A lifetime guarantee against fading and discoloration. - Adhesive to easily install the picture yourself. - Free shipping in the USA (see international rates
  3. Cemetery Headstones which have a Theme such as Golfing or Hunting. When we lose someone in our lives that truly impacted our very being, it is not uncommon to feel the need to memorialize that person in a way that breaks the mold from what is considered 'traditional'. For those looking for a final memorial that will not only catch the memory.
  4. Browse Headstone Designs By Clicking On The Images Below. Browse design pictures for headstone prices in Pittsburgh, PA. Each headstone provides a price range. You can request a specific estimate for any headstone shown below. A cemetery headstone, or gravestone, marks the resting place of the deceased. Headstone memorial types range from flat.

Cemetery memorials and gravestones come in a variety of shapes and colors. There are many different sizes, shapes, and colors of granite to choose from. They can be flush to the ground (lawn level), slightly pitched (bevel), slanted (slant), or an upright monument which is usually a tablet on a base. We are the leading supplier of private. Fitzgerald Rainbow Castle Monument. Reeves child carved flowers headstone. Jochnowitz granite headstone with tree. Balshone dancers headstone in Pink and Green Granite. Smith cross companion headstone. Cohen Granite Swans Monument. Wilcox tree grave headstone. White heart cemetery headstone Gravestones and Memorials specialize in all different types of gravestones with Top Quality Granite and Professional Craftsmanship.We have all types of grave markers and headstones for sale such as Bronze Grave Markers, Slant Headstones, Upright Headstones, and we even have custom headstones. We also offer a huge inventory or Urns and our exclusive Art Urns offered only by our company

Browse Designs With Wedding Rings, Bands and Dates Rome Monument specializes in designing monuments and grave markers that incorporate wedding rings, bands and dates in the artwork, etchings, engravings, bas reliefs, sculpted elements and monument shapes. Families choose to use wedding and marriage images and symbols in the design of a memorial because they represent the deep and abiding love. Legacy Headstones has been a family run business for almost 100 years so we understand the importance of a legacy. Creation and design of headstones may have changed over the years but one thing has not, our family tradition. We are proud to have our two sons Shane and Dustyn to carry on the craft of providing people with quality headstones at. TB TIBAG Custom Pet Memorial Stone by Waterproof Resin, Personalized Cross Dog Grave Marker, Pet Tombstone, Cat Headstone. 4.7 out of 5 stars. 12. $24.99. $24. . 99 ($24.99/Count) $10.00 shipping

Design a unique headstone online from the comfort of your home and customize to your preferences. You can choose our laser stone design which is created using the latest technology of laser cutting and you can personally commemorate your departed souls. cross or other patterns around the corners and edges of the headstone The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial (French: Cimetière américain de Colleville-sur-Mer) is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honors American troops who died in Europe during World War II. It is located on the site of the former temporary battlefield cemetery of Saint Laurent, covers 172.5 acres and contains 9,388 burials Riesige Auswahl an CDs, Vinyl und MP3s. Kostenlose Lieferung möglic Cross-Shaped Headstones. Eastern Memorials specializes in creating custom designed Cross-Shaped monuments. We have designed and crafted all types of Cross Memorials including Celtic Designs, Christian Crosses, Coptic Crosses, High Cross Memorials, and Crucifixes. Please scroll through our Gallery of Cross Memorials below

Cross Themed Gravestones 1 Cross Monuments A Grave

  1. Heart shaped headstones cross monuments can commemorate the love between two people or even a family. Heart shaped headstones cross monuments are certainly an impressive sight in any cemetery. At Schlitzberger and Daughters, we offer a large variety of standard cemetery monument and headstone styles and designs from which choose
  2. Another symbol commonly found is that of the rose. Roses symbolize beauty, and can also symbolize the Virgin Mary.(5) Crosses are present on many of the metal monuments throughout the cemetery. The Latin cross is used as the symbol of Christ's redemption for the sin of mankind.(6) The letters I.H.S. can be found on a number of the crosses.
  3. Headstone & Memorial Symbols and Meanings (FROM ACROSS THE U. S.) Below is a list of headstone and memorial symbols that can be found across the U.S. and their meanings. MOST OF THE THESE SYMBOLS (ESPECIALLY MILITARY) ARE NOT FOUND IN GROVE, OK . (This list is by no means comprehensive and interpretation of symbols may differ from one person or.
  4. The anchor is a symbol of hope and steadfastness, and eternal life. It is often found on sailors' headstones. Masons used it as a symbol of well-grounded hope. Early Christians used it as a disguised symbol of the cross. Angels. Angels are symbolic messengers between God and man. Book. An open book usually symbolises the Bible and faith
  5. The Veteran or service member: Served for at least 1 day of active duty on or after April 6, 1917, and. Is buried in a private cemetery marked with a privately purchased headstone or marker. Officers who served after October 16, 1981, and enlisted personnel who served after September 7, 1980. Both of these must be true
  6. Our Photo Grave Marker (various sizes) is made of solid polished granite and is a perfect lasting memorial for your loved one. Depending on your choices in the options, this marker is polished on top and sides OR polished on the top only (the sides are rough sawn). Upload (on the Order Confirmation page after checkout), email or mail us a photo and it will be digitized then laser engraved on.
  7. A typical headstone inscription states the deceased person's name, date of birth and their date of death. The deceased's relation to other family members who may have passed before them is also stated. A short memorial verse or epitaph is usually engraved near the bottom of their gravestone. Longer inscriptions can also be engraved on.
Upright Military Headstone | Pacific Coast Memorials

Every Design is Customizable. Upload the image you want for your memorial or use preset images. Within 3-5 business days, our designer will contact you for a free consultation and complimentary drafting of your design. When you are fully satisfied, we will send you final draft documents and get to work The Meaning of Coins on Military Headstones. When leaving a coin on a veteran's headstone, each kind of coin means something different. The meaning of the coins left on a veteran's headstone is as follows: Penny: When a one-cent coin is left, it simply means that the headstone has been visited. Nickel: When a 5-cent coin is left, it. Crosses are one of the mainstays of grave markers, and amongst the earliest symbols on gravestones.There are a wide variety of graveyard crosses and while the choice of variant on a grave may be for religious reasons, more commonly it followed fashions of the times.. Symbol of the Graveyard Cross. The graveyard cross symbol is of course representative of the crucifixion, but within that there. Headstone inscriptions give more life and meaning to an ordinary gravestone. Many headstones carry only the name, birth date and date of death of the one buried where it stands. Whereas more personalized headstones also have a message about the departed loved one, which creates a permanent tribute to them DeChristopher Brothers specializes in monuments, memorials, specialty and custom shaped headstones, bronze and flat markers and custom etching. Quotes by phone, in home consultations, pre-needs arrangements are all part of the services provided. Serving the Pennsylvania and New Jersey areas with 7 locations

Iconography of gravestones at burying grounds. The one thing most visitors to the burying grounds will notice is that a few select images appear on many gravestones. These images correspond to certain time periods and reflect religious beliefs and philosophical attitudes held by Boston residents throughout since the 1630s At Headstone Guys, we offer custom headstones at unbeatable prices. We provide one of a kind headstones for sale that are created by the best craftsmen in the business. Design your loved one's grave markers, give us the detailed information like Name, Date of Birth, Date of Death etc that you want to get engraved on the stone and will give you.

Interglo Stone | Double Praying Angel Headstone

A headstone is a marker that sits above a grave, and the headstone inscriptions written on them usually include the deceased's name, date of birth, date of death and sometimes simple sayings or verses. However, there are many ways to enhance a headstone, and make it a richer tribute for your loved one 10 1/2 x 4 pet memorial garden stone/ personalized pet marker/pet memorial gift. Stoermershop. 5 out of 5 stars. (1,664) $43.00 FREE shipping. Add to Favorites. Pet memorial stone dog or cat personalized engraved 3 inch small river stone. Pet gravestone, pet loss memorial stone. Pet remembrance gift To the Aztecs it symbolized the god of rain, the Scandinavians set them up as boundary markers, and two buns marked with a cross were found at the ancient Egyptian site of Herculaneum. Daisy Innocence of child, Jesus the Infant, youth, the Son of righteousness, gentleness, purity of thought ACLU and Cemetery Headstones Is the ACLU seeking to remove cross-shaped headstones from federal cemeteries? David Mikkelson Published 15 December 2003; Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on. Headstones and Niche Covers. The U.S. government will provide, at no cost to the estate of the deceased, an upright, white marble headstone or white marble niche cover. Arlington National Cemetery staff will place the order, which goes to the National Cemetery Administration (part of the Department of Veterans Affairs)

Headstones - HC Wood Cemetery Memorials - serving Delaware

Double & Family Cemetery Headstones create a beautiful and efficient way of memorializing multiple loved ones. These memorials are centered over multiple graves, and symbolize a family presence in the area. Headstones can include lettering and emblems to match footstones or benches, and can be color matched as well The Headstone Guys Laser Engraved Stones , Black Granite Headstones, Garden Memorial Stones Browse through www.theheadstoneguys.com and check our gallery section where you can find the variety of headstone designs available with us There are two main types of burial monuments: A flat grave marker and a raised headstone. Grave markers are flat bronze plaques installed on a granite stone base for the purpose of identifying the deceased. Burial headstones are upright granite monuments for the same identification purpose. There are many different styles and types of.

All Pet Memorials: Shop Pet Urns by Material Biodegradable, brass, Cloisonne, Glass, Cultured and Natural Stone, Wood Shop Pet Urns by Theme Laser-engranved, cat, dog, figurines, dog bone, photo urns: Related Items Garden Memorials Pet Grave Markers Pet Plaques Pet Caskets Bags for urns & ashes Pet Nameplates Personalization Personalized Urn. When a person is buried in a cemetery, the family will often visit the gravesite to pay tribute to the person who died.In some ways, this final resting place becomes a new home for their loved one, and many people decorate headstones and gravesites to make the place feel as special as possible. In addition, decorating the grave can help make being at the cemetery a bit less painful, and can be.

Stone Memorials. Slate and granite are the tradition types of stone used for memorials. The slate is available in 12mm, 20mm, 30mm and 50mm thick and is cut to the size you require. The granite can be 12mm, 20mm or 30mm thick. The lettering can be just engraved or engraved and then painted October 2017. 27 Headstones That Defied Expectations. aoc-share. Jules Verne's Tomb in Amiens. Atlas Obscura user rogerbcn. A grave marker is how people will remember you long after everyone you. Many people knew Greg Zanis simply as the cross man. From Newtown, Conn., to Las Vegas and El Paso, he made more than 26,000 wooden memorials — most of them crosses — for victims of mass.

Music Headstones - Gravestones

Types of Markers. Upright headstones - These headstones are 42 inches long, 13 inches wide and 4 inches thick, and made of marble or granite. Weight is approximately 230 pounds. Flat bronze marker. Child Memorials: 10) Single Slant Memorials: 11) Companion Slant Memorials: 12) Cremation Memorials: 13) Memorial Benches: 14) Laser Etching: 15) Bronze Plaques: 16) Granite Colors: 17) Memorial Photos: 18) Flower Vases: 19) Inscriptions: 20) Pet Memorial The most common is the Latin Cross. On some headstones this cross is inscribed in a circle, this is not a different symbol but rather an earlier engraver. The earlier Christian symbol was a Latin Cross with a circle around it and was used on the headstones at Arlington National Cemetery. After the 1980s and the regulation of symbols, the circle.

Cross Headstones Designs carving cross headstone double

Wooden Cross Memorials & Oak Crosses. Wooden crosses hand made in Oak As well as the standard wooden crosses we can make them to customers requirements. The cross in the centre was made with 40mm thick timber instead of the usual 30mm for an extra large cross. The cross on the upper right has a bronze heart shapped plaque attached Most of our memorials are in-stock and ready to be engraved and shipped upon ordering. We stock only the best granite in the industry and feel we are unbeatable in terms of quality . Each of our memorial product lines are available in any style or color by order. • Engraving design options. • ceramic photos for memorials See Our New Range of Headstones in Gallery. We have the largest stock of headstones in Ireland. Click on the Video to view them. (You can hit the mute button to remove the background music) Business Opening Hours: Mon.- Fri. 10am-4pm Sat. 10am-1pm Outside these hours by Appointment. Call Tony 087 2632249 With a little self-education, you can make decent money cleaning headstones. How to Become a Headstone Cleaner. It's all about offering peace of mind. People don't want their loved ones' grave markers to be overgrown with grass or covered with lichens and dirt

Gravestone Crosses Gravestone

In case you might want to check out other options for headstones or grave markers, below are some of the products that suppliers are offering: Headstones and Memorials. Cross Headstones - $1,634.00 to $4,604.00; Classic Upright Headstones - $1,434.00 to $6,749.00; Bronze Headstones - call for prices; PhotoStones - $779.0 A 31-year old Stillwater man is accused of stealing and selling copper crosses from grave headstones at two cemeteries. An arrest warrant has been issued for Jarrod Quinn Wise, who is charged with. Granite headstones and memorials typically include Upright Memorials, Flush Markers, Bevel Markers, Slant Memorials, Full Grave Ledgers and Benches.. Any of these can all be used as a single (for one person) or as a companion memorial (for two people). Other choices include the Asian style Ti-Chi Memorials and. Lastly, there are Mausoleums and Columbarium's Our mission is to provide you with the best values in quality affordable headstones, memorials and monuments in West Virginia. We offer you two ordering processes: Design Your Headstone Online or select from our Extensive Catalog of Headstones and Monuments. Don't let our prices fool you - we do not produce cheap granite headstones The origins behind a headstone's placement. Headstones were originally placed at the head of a grave due to superstition and fear.. As far back as the stone age, graves were covered by a heavy stone because of people's fear that the deceased may rise and torment the living after death

The second type are Celtic High Crosses, that have a slightly longer stem (a longer vertical beam on the cross). Instead of adorning graves, they adorn churches or important holy places Angel Headstones, Angel gravestone, Angel monument. This is a beautifully sculpted headstone of an angel resting on top of a heart with flowers. The angel is fully carved on all sides. Available in Two Sizes: Small Size: 34 X 8 X 34 headstone with a 48 X 14 X 8 base (included but not shown). Large Size: 42 X 8 X 42 headstone with a 54.

Interglo Stone | Grieving Angel Heart 2 Headstone

Headstones to inspire- 30 Unique, Hand-Carved Headstones

Upright Headstones Quiring Monument

Celtic Cross - Similar to the Latin cross but with a circle intersecting the upright and the crossbar. There are many names for what we know as the Celtic cross - the high cross, ring cross, sun cross, solar cross, wheel cross, halo cross, disc cross, Irish Cross, Woden's Cross, Ionic Cross, Odin's Cross and St Brigid's Cross, although each cross has some variation Two years ago, she was able to put up new green temporary markers, many of them finally telling the outside world what the infant's name was: J.C. Clement, who was born and died on Feb. 2, 1975.

Headstone History A Brief History Lesson on Headstone

Memorial Crosses / Roadside Cross / Temporary Grave Markers/

Consider laying these markers horizontally, digging out an inch or two in the ground to lay them in. Placing them upright will invite cattle and wild life to use them as scratching posts and they will topple over time. Cemetery Coordinators and other organizations that make their own headstones remark they have seen these last 75 to 100 + years The categories below have dozens of available clip art images that can be incorporate in your Granite or Bronze memorial marker and headstone design. American Headstones Granite Headstones, Bronze Memorials, Headstone Photos and Grave Markers in Los Angeles Ca (949) 228-705  Purchase granite headstones, vases, and footstones at the best prices on the net and have them shipped directly to your home or cemetery. Our business customizes memorials, foot-stones, vases, and decorative work to your liking. These insured stones can be shipped anywhere in the contiguous U.S.A. All of our stones ship free Tombstone Sayings, Gravestone Quotes, Headstone Epitaphs. If love could have saved you, you would have lived forever. May you find comfort in the arms of an angel. No farewell words were spoken, no time to say goodbye, you were gone before we knew it, and only God knows why. Gone yet not forgotten, although we are apart, your spirit lives. Fleuree Cross/Gothic Cross - This flowered cross symbolizes the adult Christian by its more opened flared out ends. Greek Cross - It has four arms equal in length and is the traditional symbol of Christian faith. The equal length drawings of the cross is pre-Christian, and in paganism, represented the four elements—earth, air, fire and water

Headstone Inscriptions: Wording to put on a memorial. Most people regard the wording on a headstone as the most significant in creating a memorial. Etched into stone, the headstone inscription is the departing message for a loved one. Tasked with this responsibility, a monumental mason needs to make sure that the wording is clear, appropriate. Meaning of Headstone Carvings Acorn - Baby or Young Child, Strength, Independence Adam and Eve with Serpent and Fruit Tree - Quick Death Alpha and Omega - Christ, the beginning and the end Anchor/Ships - Hope, Anchor of the family, or Seafaring Profession Knowledge Book, closed - Secrecy, Final acts written, Chastity Book, cross laying.

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Cemetery Headstones & Grave Markers for sale eBa

John Wayne's famous tombstone quote was taken from an interview he did with Playboy magazine in 1971. The epitaph of the world's most famous movie cowboy reads: JOHN WAYNE. 1907 — 1979. Tomorrow is the most important thing in life. Comes into us at midnight very clean The history of government headstones has an identity of its own apart from development of the National Cemetery Administration. The original standard grave marker precedes the establishment of national cemeteries in 1862 and actually has its origin in the frontier days of this country prior to the Civil War Memorials and Engraved Memorial Plaques in a wide variety of materials At The Sign Maker we have understanding staff to look after our customers requiring memorial plaques, stone and wooden tablets, wooden crosses and other memorials. They can advise on appropriate materials for your memorial, in your situation and within your budget Memorial headstones and markers for spouses and other dependents are not available for placement in private cemeteries. A VA Form 40-1330, Claim for Standard Government Headstone or Marker must be submitted to request a burial or memorial headstone or marker. * NOTE: Link will take you outside the Department of Veterans Affairs web site

$199 Headstones Browse Grave Headstones & Markers for

Grassmarkers are also called as Gravemarkers, Tombstone Markers, Burial Markers, Flush Gravemarker, Flat Headstone. Usually Grassmarkers are set flush to the ground so that it will be easy to mow the cemetery. Standard size of a single gravemarker is 24 long, 12 wide and 4 thick. Standard size of a double gravemarker is 48 long, 12 wide. Hunt Memorials, Inc., a monument company in Nashville, TN, has provided Tennessee, Southern Kentucky and the Mid-South areas with personalized cemetery headstones, monuments and memorial services since 1928. About Us. I cut away everything that wasn't David. Michelangelo About Headstone Warehouse. This family business is owned by Daryl and Rose Anderson, Daryl being a 4th generation apprenticeship served Monumental Mason with 47 years personal experience. He has spent 40 years working in Taranaki, therefore is familiar with all the cemeteries and Urupa in the area. We erect headstones ourselves in the greater.

Epitaphs - Gravestones

Symbols on headstones, and their meaning

Headstones are used to pay tribute to a person and commemorate details about their life. Their date of birth, family relations, and occupation can all be shared. Creating them can be a tricky process, often made more difficult because those shopping are also going through the grieving process. We offer design by traditional engraving as well as. The Best Way to Keep Cemetery Flowers from Blowing Away. The best way to prevent the loss of your flower arrangements is by securing them with a Headstone Flower Anchor. The flower anchor is designed to be used on saddle arrangements to secure them to the stone, but it could easily be used to secure a wreath, a cross, or other style of. Personalized Cross Memorial Stone: Personalize with any message on 3 lines, up to 22 characters per line. Customized lines are ideal for dates, names or any other special sentiment. Personalized memorial stone dimensions: 12.75L x 8.75W x 1D. Features heartwarming verse about your loved one's departure and closeness to God Memorial Inscriptions and Remembrance Poems. It can be so difficult to find the words to use on a memorial plaque, so we have listed below a selection of inscriptions and remembrance poems which our customers have used on their memorials

ACLU and Cemetery Crosses - FactCheck

6 Sizes of Flat Markers to Choose From Starting at $379 20 x 10 x 3 24 x 12 x 3 24 x 12 x 4 28 x 16 x 3 28 x 16 x 4 36 x 14 x 4. Single and Companion Layouts. Markers can be Shipped to Your Home, Business or the Cemetery of Your Choice. 2 Week Turn Around Time on Flat Markers A complete line of Wall Hanging & Standing Catholic Crucifixes & Crosses in all sizes & styles from traditional to contemporary. 1-800-572-5732. Skip to main content Order by Phone: 1-800-572-573

Cemetery Headstones, Monuments, Markers and Memorials

Grave Markers & Upright Headstones with Free Shipping Deal

Angels in Stone | Gravestones

These measure approximately 42″ x 13″ x 3″. Some of the newer ones are made of granite. Many have an optional religious symbol at the top of the marker (like the cross in the example at right). For a list of these see the Veterans Affairs website: Emblems of Belief on Government Headstones and Markers The Flat Marker is the most economical type one will find. Flat Markers lay flat on the ground and come in a number of sizes and colors. Our prices start at $198, shipping included within the Contiguous US. The lower price tag does not mean lower quality. These Markers will beautifully mark the resting place of a loved one for centuries to come Each headstone includes: • A Design from our library. • One high quality granite headstone, with the color of your choice engraved with approved artwork. • Unlimited text provided it fits within the dimensions of the stone. • A complete draft of the layout before the actual engraving process begins (with a maximum of 3 draft alterations.